John Hilder

M, #16821, b. 1825, d. 1886
FatherJohn Hilder
MotherHannah Unknown

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1825John Hilder was born in 1825.1
He was the son of John Hilder and Hannah Unknown.
Marriage1850John was married to Elizabeth Dunk, daughter of Jesse Dunk and Charlotte Sellins, in 1850 at Cobbity/Narellan, NSW, AustraliaG.2
Death1886John Hilder died in 1886 at Leichhardt, NSW, AustraliaG.3

Family with

Elizabeth Dunk b. 1832, d. 1886
Children
Last Edited6 Jan 2004

Citations

  1. [S167] Debbie Lane, "Hilder & Dunk Family," e-mail to Robert Mote, 26 July 2000.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Denomination: Church of England, Parish: Cobbity; Narellan, Volume Reference: V185082 36B, Registration Year: 1850.
  3. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Leichhardt; Year: 1886; Number: 2814.
  4. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Parish of Registration: Cobbity/Narellan; Year: 1852; Number: V18521663 38A.
  5. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1857; Number: 5824.
  6. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1859; Number: 6342.
  7. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1862; Number: 6490.
  8. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1864; Number: 7340.
  9. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1868; Number: 7783.
  10. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1870; Number: 8155.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Elizabeth Dunk

F, #16822, b. 1832, d. 1886
FatherJesse Dunk b. 22 Apr 1787, d. 15 Jun 1860
MotherCharlotte Sellins

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1832Elizabeth Dunk was born in 1832.1
She was the daughter of Jesse Dunk and Charlotte Sellins.
Marriage1850Elizabeth was married to John Hilder, son of John Hilder and Hannah Unknown, in 1850 at Cobbity/Narellan, NSW, AustraliaG.2
Death1886Elizabeth Dunk died in 1886 at Leichhardt, NSW, AustraliaG.3

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1850As of 1850, her married name was Hilder.2

Family with

John Hilder b. 1825, d. 1886
Children
Last Edited15 Aug 2000

Citations

  1. [S167] Debbie Lane, "Hilder & Dunk Family," e-mail to Robert Mote, 26 July 2000.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Denomination: Church of England, Parish: Cobbity; Narellan, Volume Reference: V185082 36B, Registration Year: 1850.
  3. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Leichhardt; Year: 1886; Number: 2815.
  4. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Parish of Registration: Cobbity/Narellan; Year: 1852; Number: V18521663 38A.
  5. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1857; Number: 5824.
  6. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1859; Number: 6342.
  7. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1862; Number: 6490.
  8. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1864; Number: 7340.
  9. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1868; Number: 7783.
  10. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Camden; Year: 1870; Number: 8155.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Edith M M Jarman

F, #16823

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Marriage1910Edith M M was married to Harry Tester Sheather, son of Benjamin Sheather and Eliza Charlotte Minett, in 1910 at Taree, NSW, AustraliaG.1

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1910As of 1910, her married name was Sheather.1

Family with

Harry Tester Sheather b. 1881
Children
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited15 Oct 1999

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Taree, Registration Year: 1910, Registration Number: 13639.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Taree, Registration Year: 1911, Registration Number: 21443.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Reginald L Sheather1

M, #16824, b. 1911
FatherHarry Tester Sheather1 b. 1881
MotherEdith M M Jarman1
Relationships4th cousin 3 times removed of Robert Mote
6th great-grandson of Thomas Sheather

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1911Reginald L Sheather was born in 1911 at Taree, NSW, AustraliaG.1
He was the son of Harry Tester Sheather and Edith M M Jarman.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited7 Sep 2016

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Taree, Registration Year: 1911, Registration Number: 21443.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Mavis Valda Isobel Sheather1

F, #16825, b. 1917
FatherHenry Thomas Sheather2 b. 14 Aug 1853, d. 3 Oct 1945
MotherEdith M M Jarman2
Relationships3rd cousin 3 times removed of Robert Mote
6th great-granddaughter of Thomas Sheather

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1917Mavis Valda Isobel Sheather was born in 1917 at Taree, NSW, AustraliaG.1
She was the daughter of Henry Thomas Sheather and Edith M M Jarman.2
Marriage1939Mavis Valda Isobel was married to Cecil Roy McKay in 1939 at Macksville, NSW, AustraliaG.3

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1939As of 1939, her married name was McKay.3
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited24 Mar 2018

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Taree, Registration Year: 1917, Registration Number: 35921.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Taree; Year: 1917; Number: 35921.
  3. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Macksville, Registration Year: 1939, Registration Number: 10331.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Cecil Roy McKay

M, #16826

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Marriage1939Cecil Roy was married to Mavis Valda Isobel Sheather, daughter of Henry Thomas Sheather and Edith M M Jarman, in 1939 at Macksville, NSW, AustraliaG.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited24 Mar 2018

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Macksville, Registration Year: 1939, Registration Number: 10331.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Gladys Irene McBride

F, #16828, b. 1895, d. 15 January 1972

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1895Gladys Irene McBride was born in 1895 at SA, AustraliaG.1
Marriage1931Gladys Irene was married to Jack Sheather, son of Arthur Bellamy Sheather and Myra M Hill, in 1931 at North Sydney, NSW, AustraliaG.2
Death15 January 1972Gladys Irene McBride died on Saturday, 15 January 1972 at Neutral Bay, NSW, AustraliaG.3
BurialJanuary 1972She was buried in January 1972 at Roman Catholic Lawn Cemetery, Macquarie Park, NSW, AustraliaG.1

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1931As of 1931, her married name was Sheather.2
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited28 Feb 2007

Citations

  1. [S652] Sharon McBride, "Jack Sheather," e-mail to Robert Mote, February 2007.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: North Sydney, Registration Year: 1931, Registration Number: 6362.
  3. [S329] The Ryerson Index, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~nswsdps/dpsindex.htm, Sydney Morning Herald.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch1

F, #16829, b. 24 April 1885, d. 7 October 1962
FatherWalter Bowditch1 b. 11 Sep 1858, d. 5 Sep 1933
MotherDorothy Hand b. 16 Jul 1863, d. 31 Dec 1951

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth24 April 1885Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch was born on Friday, 24 April 1885 at Spring Flat, Gundagai, NSW, AustraliaG.1,2
She was the daughter of Walter Bowditch and Dorothy Hand.1
Marriage5 June 1911Henrietta Hilda Selina May was married to Joseph William George Sheather, son of George Sheather and Mary Crane, on Monday, 5 June 1911 at St Patrick's Catholic Church, Gundagai, NSW, AustraliaG.3,1
Death7 October 1962Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch died on Sunday, 7 October 1962 at Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG, at age 77.1
Burialafter 7 October 1962She was buried after 7 October 1962 at Roman Catholic Section, Wagga Wagga Monumental cemetery, NSW, AustraliaG.1

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1911As of 1911, her married name was Sheather.3

Family with

Joseph William George Sheather b. 30 Nov 1879, d. 14 Aug 1962
Children
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Descendant Chart - William Fuller
Last Edited15 Oct 1999

Citations

  1. [S18] Phil Sheather, "Sheather Families," e-mail to Robert Mote, various.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Gundagai, Registration Year: 1885, Registration Number: 20857.
  3. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Gundagai, Registration Year: 1911, Registration Number: 5649.
  4. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1913, Registration Number: 37275.
  5. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1916, Registration Number: 3281.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Kathleen M Sheather1

F, #16830, b. 1913
FatherJoseph William George Sheather1 b. 30 Nov 1879, d. 14 Aug 1962
MotherHenrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch1 b. 24 Apr 1885, d. 7 Oct 1962
Relationships2nd cousin 3 times removed of Robert Mote
6th great-granddaughter of Thomas Sheather

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1913Kathleen M Sheather was born in 1913 at Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG.1
She was the daughter of Joseph William George Sheather and Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch.1

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1932As of 1932, her married name was Reed.2
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Descendant Chart - William Fuller
Last Edited7 Sep 2016

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1913, Registration Number: 37275.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1932, Registration Number: 16025.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Stanley Joseph Sheather1

M, #16831, b. 23 January 1916, d. 18 July 1982
FatherJoseph William George Sheather1 b. 30 Nov 1879, d. 14 Aug 1962
MotherHenrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch1 b. 24 Apr 1885, d. 7 Oct 1962
Relationships2nd cousin 3 times removed of Robert Mote
6th great-grandson of Thomas Sheather

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth23 January 1916Stanley Joseph Sheather was born on Sunday, 23 January 1916 at Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG.1,2
He was the son of Joseph William George Sheather and Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch.1
Marriage26 January 1938Stanley Joseph was married to Jean Olive Parsons on Wednesday, 26 January 1938 at Wagga Wagga, NSWG.3,2
Death18 July 1982Stanley Joseph Sheather died on Sunday, 18 July 1982 at Wagga Wagga, NSWG, at age 66.2
Burialafter 18 July 1982He was buried after 18 July 1982 at Wagga Wagga, NSWG.2

Family with

Jean Olive Parsons b. 2 Aug 1917, d. 21 Nov 2006
Child
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Descendant Chart - William Fuller
Last Edited22 Aug 1999

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1916, Registration Number: 3281.
  2. [S18] Phil Sheather, "Sheather Families," e-mail to Robert Mote, various.
  3. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1938, Registration Number: 4044.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Jean Olive Parsons

F, #16832, b. 2 August 1917, d. 21 November 2006

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth2 August 1917Jean Olive Parsons was born on Thursday, 2 August 1917 at Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG.1
Marriage26 January 1938Jean Olive was married to Stanley Joseph Sheather, son of Joseph William George Sheather and Henrietta Hilda Selina May Bowditch, on Wednesday, 26 January 1938 at Wagga Wagga, NSWG.2,1
Death21 November 2006Jean Olive Parsons died on Tuesday, 21 November 2006 at Wagga Wagga, NSWG, at age 89.3

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1938As of 26 January 1938, her married name was Sheather.2

Family with

Stanley Joseph Sheather b. 23 Jan 1916, d. 18 Jul 1982
Child
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Descendant Chart - William Fuller
Last Edited24 Feb 2007

Citations

  1. [S18] Phil Sheather, "Sheather Families," e-mail to Robert Mote, various.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Wagga Wagga, Registration Year: 1938, Registration Number: 4044.
  3. [S329] The Ryerson Index, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~nswsdps/dpsindex.htm, Wagga Wagga Daily Advertiser.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Sidney Albert Pinkstone

M, #16835, b. 9 July 1892, d. 29 November 1963

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth9 July 1892Sidney Albert Pinkstone was born on Saturday, 9 July 1892 at Cootamundra, NSW, AustraliaG.
Marriage2 June 1920Sidney Albert was married to Linda Sheather, daughter of Stephen Sheather and Susan Roberts, on Wednesday, 2 June 1920 at Christ Church, Cootamundra, NSW, AustraliaG.1,2
Death29 November 1963Sidney Albert Pinkstone died on Friday, 29 November 1963 at Sydney, NSW, AustraliaG, at age 71.

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
NicknameSidney Albert Pinkstone was often called Sid.

Newspaper Articles

NewspaperDateContent
the Cootamundra Herald, Cootamundra, NSW, AustraliaG4 June 1920Sidney Albert Pinkstone was mentioned in an article in the Cootamundra Herald, Cootamundra, NSW, AustraliaG, on Friday, 4 June 1920 as follows:

WEDDING.

PINKSTONE-SHEATHER

A pre-war romance, followed by an engagement during the return of the soldier on furlough, was happily consummated by marriage at Christ Church, Cootamundra, on Wednesday afternoon.

'A quiet wedding,' they said it was to be, yet so many Cootamundraites were interested in the young couple, both natives of the place, that the church was well filled by spectators and well wishers.

The parties to the life-long contract were Captain Sid Pinkstone, of the 'Daily Express,' Wagga, fourth son of Mr. F. Pinkstone, Cootamundra, retired veteran journalist, and Miss L. Sheather, eldest daughter of Mr. S. Sheather, of Cootamundra.

The wedding bell was a pretty feature of the decorations, with the intials of the contracting parties on each side of the arch.

Rev. Norman Gardner, rector, officiated.

The pretty bride wore a cream gabardine tailored costume, with white angora furs (the gift of the bridegroom), white panne velvet hat, and posey of white hyacinths and maiden hair fern.

The bridesmaid (sister of the bride) was attired in saxe blue crepe de chene, with trimmings of black velvet and steel beads, black velvet hat, and a posey of' pink carnations and ferns, and wore a gold wristlet watch, the bridegroom 's gift.

Corporal George Pinkstone was best man.

Breakfast was afterwards partaken at the Town Hall, where among the decorations was the flag of the bridegroom's old battalion, the 55th, kindly lent by Miss McConaghy, sistor of the lamented Colonel of the regiment.

Mrs Drew entered.

A song was nicely rendered by Miss Florrie Mutch.

A number of friends assembled to see the couple off by the Temora mail in the evening, including some Wagga soldier friends who had motored over for the auspicious occasion.

The bride 's travelling costume was of saxe blue gabardine with oriental hand embroidery, and a black velvet hat relieved with blue and gold tissue.

Among the presents received was a handsome oak and silver salad bowl from the officers and men of the Wagga branch of the Returned Sailors and Sol diers' Imperial league.2

The Daily Advertiser, Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG7 June 1920He was mentioned in an article in The Daily Advertiser, Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaG, on Monday, 7 June 1920 as follows:

WEDDING.

PINKSTONE - SHEATHER.

At Cootamundra on June 2 Mr. S. A. Pinkstone, of Wagga, was married to Linda, eldest daughter of Mr. Stephen Sheather, of Cootamundra. Rev. Norman Gardner officiated, and Miss Chamen played the Wedding March. The church had been decor ated by girl friends of the bride. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a tailored costume of creme gabardine, with hat of creme panne velvet and tulle. Her Angora furs and posy of hyacinths and maiden hair fern were the gifts of the bride groom. The bridesmaid, Miss Floss Sheather, wore a frock of saxe blue crepe de chene with trimmings of steel beads, and black panne velvet hat. She carried a posy of pink carnations aud fern, which, with a wristlet watch, was the bridegroom's gift. Mr. G. C. Pinkstone was best man. Afternoon tea was held in the Town Hall, which had been decorated with flowers and bunting, and the flag of the 55th Battalion, to which the bridegroom, as a captain, was attached in France. The honeymoon is being spent in Katoomba. The bride was dressed in a saxe blue costume, with black hat relieved with gold tissue. The presents included an oak and silver salad bowl, the gift of the Wagga branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia.2

ChartsDescendant Chart - Stephen Oxford
Descendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited4 Mar 2018

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Cootamundra, Registration Year: 1920, Registration Number: 8839.
  2. [S999] Trove, online http://trove.nla.gov.au

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Jean Muir1

F, #16836, b. 1894
FatherJohn M Muir1
MotherMargaret Annie Sheather1 b. 1856, d. 1936
Relationships3rd cousin 3 times removed of Robert Mote
6th great-granddaughter of Thomas Sheather

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1894Jean Muir was born in 1894 at Parramatta, NSW, AustraliaG.1
She was the daughter of John M Muir and Margaret Annie Sheather.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited23 Oct 2000

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Parramatta, Registration Year: 1894, Registration Number: 26533.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Philadelphia Moorby1

F, #16837, b. 1865, d. 9 October 1943
FatherSamuel J Moorby1 d. 1895
MotherHarriet Groves1 d. 1903

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1865Philadelphia Moorby was born in 1865 at Yass, NSW, AustraliaG.1
She was the daughter of Samuel J Moorby and Harriet Groves.1
Marriage1886Philadelphia was married to James Diggins, son of James Diggins and Mary Keefe, in 1886 at Burrowa, NSW, AustraliaG.2
Death9 October 1943Philadelphia Moorby died on Saturday, 9 October 1943 at Boorowa, NSW, AustraliaG.3,4

Also Known As

DescriptionDateName
Married Name1886As of 1886, her married name was Diggins.2
Last Edited6 Jul 2008

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Birth Registration: Yass; Year of Registration: 1865; Registration Number: 17150.
  2. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Burrowa; Year: 1886; Number: 4336.
  3. [S763] Heather McCarthy, "The Moorby Family," e-mail to Robert Mote, July 2008.
  4. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Registration: Boorowa; Year: 1943; Number: 25800.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Colin C Eastall1

M, #16838, b. 1930

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Birth1930Colin C Eastall was born in 1930 at Dunedoo, NSW, AustraliaG.1
Marriage1930Colin C was married to Marie Elizabeth Sheather, daughter of Charles Sheather and Clara Nolan, in 1930 at Dunedoo, NSWG.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited8 Nov 2008

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Dunedoo, Registration Year: 1930, Registration Number: 14103.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Sydney Jack Hill

M, #16839

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Marriage13 December 1924Sydney Jack was married to Marie Susan Sheather, daughter of Arthur Bellamy Sheather and Myra M Hill, on Saturday, 13 December 1924 at All Saints Church, Parramatta, NSW, AustraliaG.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited22 Apr 2014

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Parramatta, Registration Year: 1924, Registration Number: 17481.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.

Henry Casey

M, #16840

Life Span

EVENTDATEDETAILS
Marriage1904Henry was married to Mary Ann M Sheather, daughter of Jesse Sheather and Mary Ann Barnes, in 1904 at Petersham, NSW, AustraliaG.1
ChartsDescendant Chart - Thomas Sheather
Last Edited15 Oct 1999

Citations

  1. [S2] Index of BDM records, NSW BDM, Place of Marriage Registration: Petersham, Registration Year: 1904, Registration Number: 7228.

PLEASE NOTE: While I do my best to validate data included on this web page I offer no guarantee as to its accuracy.